Metaforyzacja wartości w dawnej polszczyźnie – konwencjonalność ujęć na przykładzie metafory POJĘCIE TO UBRANIE

BEATA RASZEWSKA-ŻUREK

Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Kraków

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Polonica 39


Abstract

Metaphorisation of values in old Polish – conventionality of approaches based on the example of the
CONCEPT IS CLOTHING metaphor

In the present article the object of analysis is the metaphorical representation of concepts-values from the mental sphere in the Old Polish and Middle Polish periods. In Old Polish and Middle Polish texts abstract concepts are approached in a metaphorical manner, and some source domains recur relatively frequently. Such metaphors are used in reference to concepts which belong to various spheres. The analysis takes into consideration metaphors which are clearly discernible in short fragments, metaphors which are linguistically marked by words semantically associated with the source domain, metaphors which are at the same time in the close vicinity of the lexeme representing a given value and metaphors which recur in texts by various authors. The present article is devoted to metaphorical representations of concepts-values in the Old Polish and Middle Polish periods in the category of clothing – a source domain which is drawn from the world of culture, e.g. Bo ieſzcze ten każdy jeſt wzdy dobrey nadzieie Kto nad inſze vbiory cżnotą ſie odżieie (RejJóz G2; SXVI); Znamienity ubiór cnota. Lepszy niźli bryła złota (Petr.Ek.18; L). In the early Polish language concepts which belong to various spheres of life were embraced by the means of the category of clothing – ethical and social values, as well as anti-values – negatively marked concepts which have to do especially with the sphere of morality – therefore the metaphor A CONCEPT IS CLOTHING was used to represent concepts regardless of the evaluation which was ascribed to them. The choice of clothing as the source domain to present concepts from the mental sphere is justified biologically by basic human need and culturally by the presence in the Bible and the social function. It seems that it is a conceptual metaphor in the sense of cognitive linguistics, one that is deeply-rooted in the human way of thinking and culturally corroborated. Its use in the representation of concepts which are not so clearly defined in the Old Polish and Middle Polish periods was supposed to portray these concepts and to familiarise people with them, especially in the language that way used in moralistic writings. The article is an attempt to answer the question about the connection between metaphorisation and the axiological dimension of concepts.

Słowa kluczowe

historia języka polskiego, aksjolingwistyka, metafora, ujęcie diachroniczne

Keywords

the history of the Polish language, axiolinguistics, metaphor, the diachronic approach